Plutarch. Plutarch's Lives of the Noble Grecians and Romans
Englished by Sir Thomas North. Trans. Sir Thomas North. Vol. 6 (1579; London: David Nutt, 1896) 219.

     and alwayes followed the souldiers, which gave them meate,MARCUS
     and fedde them, untill they came neare to the citie ofBRUTUS
     Philippes: and there one daye onely before the battell,
     they bothe flewe awaye. Now Brutus had conquered the
     moste parte of all the people, and nations of that contry:
     but if there were any other citie or Captaine to overcome,
     then they made all cleere before them, and so drewe towards
     the coasts of Thassos. There Norbanus lying in campe in a
     certaine place called the straights, by another place called
     Symbolon: (which is a port of the sea) Cassius and Brutus
     compassed him in in such sort, that he was driven to forsake
     the place which was of great strength for him, and he was
     also in daunger beside to have lost all his armye. For,
     Octavius Caesar could not followe him bicause of his sicknes,
     and therefore stayed behind: whereuppon they had taken
     his army, had not Antonius ayde bene, which made such
     wonderful speede, that Brutus could scant beleve it. SoBrutus and
     Caesar came not thether of ten daies after: and AntoniusCassius camps
     camped against Cassius, and Brutus on thother side againstbefore the
     Caesar. The Romanes called the valley betweene both campes,citie of Phil-
     the Philippian fields: and there were never seene two soippes: against
     great armies of the Romanes, one before the other, readyOctavius
     to fight. In truth, Brutus army was inferior to OctaviusCaesar, and
     Caesars, in number of men: but for bravery and rich fumi-Antonius.
     ture, Brutus army farre excelled Caesars. For the most part
     of their armors were silver and gilt, which Brutus had boun-Brutus soul-
     tifully given them: although in all other things he taughtdiers bravely
     his Captaines to live in order without excesse. But for thearmed.
     bravery of armor, and weapon, which souldiers should cary
     in their hands, or otherwise weare upon their backes: he thought   Brutus
     that it was an encoragement unto them that by nature areopinion for
     greedy of honor, and that it maketh them also fight likethe bravery
     devills that love to get, and be affrayd to lose: bicauseof soldiers,
     they fight to keepe their armor and weapon, as also theirin their armor
     goods and lands. Now when they came to muster theirand weapons.
     armies, Octavius Caesar tooke the muster of his army
     within the trenches of his campe, and gave his men onely
     a litle corne, and five silver Drachmas to every man to
     sacrifice to the gods, and to pray for victory. But Brutus