Welcome to my web site, now under development for more than twenty years. -- Philip Weller, November 13, 1941 - February 1, 2021 Dr. Weller, an Eastern Washington University professor of English and Shakespearean scholar for more than 50 years.
Note to Julius Caesar, 1.1.37, "Knew you not Pompey?"
Knew you not Pompey? Pompey the Great (Gnaeus Pompeius Magnus), 106 BC 48 BC. He was partner with Caesar and Crassus in the First Triumvirate, which ruled Rome for four years. To cement his alliance with Caesar, he married Caesar's only daughter, Julia Caesaris. However, Crassus died on campaign, Julia Caesaris died in childbirth, and Caesar and Pompey commenced a struggle for power. After losing the battle of Pharsalus in 48 BC, Pompey fled to Egypt, hoping to find sanctuary, but the King of Egypt, hoping to curry favor with Caesar, had him murdered (on his 58th birthday) and gave his head to Caesar.
As a general, Pompey had his greatest victories in a campaign in the Middle East.
In the period from 66 to 61 BC he defeated Mithridates VI of Pontus (situated in the eastern Black Sea region of present-day Turkey); Tigranes, king of Armenia; and Antiochus XIII, king of Syria. Pontus and Syria became Roman provinces. Pompey also captured Jerusalem and returned to Rome with a great deal of treasure. His triumph for these victories lasted two days, so great was the quantity of prisoners and booty to be displayed.