Philip Weller caricature
Philip and Weller hugging

Welcome to my web site, now under development for more than twenty years.   
-- Philip Weller, November 13, 1941 - February 1, 2021
Dr. Weller, an Eastern Washington University professor of English and Shakespearean scholar for more than 50 years.



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Twelfth Night,
Act 3, Scene 3, lines 15-16.

Note to Twelfth Night, 3.3.15-16, "And thanks, and ever thanks; and oft good turns / Are shuffled off with such uncurrent pay"

Antonio has volunteered to be Sebastian's servant; Sebastian has accepted the offer, but he is embarrassed that he can't do anything for Antonio in return except say "thanks." A gentleman, which Sebastian is, ought to pay his servants with money, not just the word "thanks." The word "thanks" is "uncurrent pay" because nothing can be bought with it. We still use the word "currency" to designate money which is still in circulation, as opposed to old coins which have only sentimental or historical value.

American Currency