Philip Weller caricature
Philip and Weller hugging

Welcome to my web site, now under development for more than twenty years.   
-- Philip Weller, November 13, 1941 - February 1, 2021
Dr. Weller, an Eastern Washington University professor of English and Shakespearean scholar for more than 50 years.

Note to Hamlet, 4.5.81: "the people muddied"

Act 4, Scene 5, line 81
the people muddied: the people confused and stirred up. —This combination of ideas is extended in the following line, "Thick and unwholesome in their thoughts and whispers . . . ." The people don't know anything for sure, but they are whispering and thinking that, as Marcellus has already said, "something is rotten in the state of Denmark" (1.4.90).