Philip Weller caricature
Philip and Weller hugging

Welcome to my web site, now under development for more than twenty years.   
-- Philip Weller, November 13, 1941 - February 1, 2021
Dr. Weller, an Eastern Washington University professor of English and Shakespearean scholar for more than 50 years.

Note to Romeo and Juliet, opening stage direction: "swords and bucklers"

Romeo and Juliet,
Act 1, Scene 1.
Swords and bucklers were very common weapons for the lower classes. They were used not only in war, but also for recreation. During Shakespeare's time young toughs would go to Smithfield, just outside the walls of London, to fight duels with sword and buckler.