Philip Weller caricature
Philip and Weller hugging

Welcome to my web site, now under development for more than twenty years.   
-- Philip Weller, November 13, 1941 - February 1, 2021
Dr. Weller, an Eastern Washington University professor of English and Shakespearean scholar for more than 50 years.

Note to Romeo and Juliet, 2.1.24. "To raise a spirit in his mistress' circle"

Romeo and Juliet,
Act 2, Scene 1, line 24.
In Shakespeare's time it was widely believed that a philosopher such as Dr. Faustus [the star of Christopher Marlowe's play] could "raise" a spirit from the underworld by drawing a circle and conjuring, by saying a charm. A magician could "lay" [cause to descend] the spirit with another charm.

Mercutio pretends to be talking about spirits in this sense, but he uses double-entendres to make one sex joke after another.

Frontispiece to a 1620 printing of Doctor Faustus
showing Faustus conjuring Mephistophilis