Philip Weller caricature
Philip and Weller hugging

Welcome to my web site, now under development for more than twenty years.   
-- Philip Weller, November 13, 1941 - February 1, 2021
Dr. Weller, an Eastern Washington University professor of English and Shakespearean scholar for more than 50 years.

Note to Romeo and Juliet, 2.4.25: "of the first and second cause"


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Romeo and Juliet,
Act 2, Scene 4, line 25.
the first and second cause: obligatory reasons to enter into a duel. Duelling academies taught codes of duelling which listed causes—insufferable insults or actions—for a quarrel. Mercutio's attitude is that such duelling codes are simply excuses for wannabe tough guys, such as Tybalt, to pick a fight.

Shakespeare also mocks duelling codes in As You Like It by having Touchstone the fool describe how he almost fought a duel, but escaped actual combat by means of an "if."