Philip Weller caricature
Philip and Weller hugging

Welcome to my web site, now under development for more than twenty years.   
-- Philip Weller, November 13, 1941 - February 1, 2021
Dr. Weller, an Eastern Washington University professor of English and Shakespearean scholar for more than 50 years.

The Tempest: Act 2, Scene 2

Caliban with a burden of wood.

           Enter CALIBAN with a burden of wood.
           A noise of thunder heard.

  1   All the infections that the sun sucks up
  2   From bogs, fens, flats, on Prosper fall and make him
  3   By inch-meal a disease! His spirits hear me
3. By inch-meal: inch by inch.

  4   And yet I needs must curse. But they'll nor pinch,
  5   Fright me with urchin-shows, pitch me i' the mire,
5. urchin-shows: sights of goblins in the shape of hedgehogs.

  6   Nor lead me, like a firebrand, in the dark
6. like a firebrand: in the shape of a will-o'-the-wisp? >>>

  7   Out of my way, unless he bid 'em; but
  8   For every trifle are they set upon me;
  9   Sometime like apes that mow and chatter at me
9. mow: make faces.

 10   And after bite me, then like hedgehogs which
 11   Lie tumbling in my barefoot way and mount
 12   Their pricks at my footfall; sometime am I
 13   All wound with adders who with cloven tongues
13. wound with: wound about with, coiled around by.  cloven: forked.
adder showing forked tongue

 14   Do hiss me into madness.

           Enter TRINCULO.

 14                                         Lo, now, lo!
 15   Here comes a spirit of his, and to torment me
 16   For bringing wood in slowly. I'll fall flat;
 17   Perchance he will not mind me.
17. mind: notice.

 18   Here's neither bush nor shrub, to bear off any
18. bear off: ward off, keep off.

 19   weather at all, and another storm brewing; I hear it
 20   sing i' the wind: yond same black cloud, yond
 21   huge one, looks like a foul bombard that would shed
21. foul: dirty, threatening.  bombard: large leather jug.

 22   his liquor. If it should thunder as it did before, I know
Ale Bombard22. his: its.

 23   not where to hide my head: yond same cloud cannot
 24   choose but fall by pailfuls. What have we here?
 25   a man or a fish? dead or alive? A fish: he smells
 26   like a fish; a very ancient and fish-like smell; a kind of
 27   not of the newest Poor-John. A strange fish! Were I
27. Poor-John: cheap dried fish.

 28   in England now, as once I was, and had but this fish
 29   painted, not a holiday fool there but would give a piece
29. painted: i.e., on a sign hung outside a booth at a fair to attract curiosity-seekers.

 30   of silver: there would this monster make a man;
30. make a man: i.e., make a man's fortune.

 31   any strange beast there makes a man: when they will
 32   not give a doit to relieve a lame beggar, they will lay
32. doit: small coin of trifling value.

 33   out ten to see a dead Indian. Legged like a man and
 34   his fins like arms!

           [Trinculo touches a leg or arm of Caliban.]

 34                                 Warm o' my troth! I do now let
34. o' my troth: by my faith.

 35   loose my opinion; hold it no longer: this is no fish,
 36   but an islander, that hath lately suffered by a thunderbolt.


 37   Alas, the storm is come again! my
 38   best way is to creep under his gaberdine; there is no
38. gaberdine: cloak, loose upper garment.

 39   other shelter hereabouts: misery acquaints a man with
 40   strange bed-fellows. I will here shroud till the dregs of
40. shroud: take shelter. dregs: last remains.

 41   the storm be past.

           Enter STEPHANO, singing,
           [a bottle in his hand].

Stephano by Walter Crane
Illustrator: Walter Crane

 42         "I shall no more to sea, to sea,
 43         Here shall I die ashore—"
 44   This is a very scurvy tune to sing at a man's
 45   funeral: well, here's my comfort.



 46         "The master, the swabber, the boatswain and I,
 47         The gunner and his mate
 48      Loved Mall, Meg and Marian and Margery,
 49         But none of us cared for Kate;
 50         For she had a tongue with a tang,
 51         Would cry to a sailor, Go hang!
 52      She loved not the savour of tar nor of pitch,
 53      Yet a tailor might scratch her where'er she did itch:
53. a tailor: Stereotypically, tailors were small and shy, the opposite of hearty sailors.

 54         Then to sea, boys, and let her go hang!"
 55   This is a scurvy tune too: but here's my comfort.


 56   Do not torment me: Oh!
56. Do not torment me: Caliban mistakes Stephano for a spirit sent by Prospero to torment him.

 57   What's the matter? Have we devils here? Do you
 58   put tricks upon's with savages and men of Ind, ha?
58. put tricks upon's: try to fool me with magician's tricks.
Ind: India, or, vaguely, the East.

 59   I have not scaped drowning to be afeard now of your
 60   four legs; for it hath been said, "As proper a man as
 61   ever went on four legs cannot make him give ground";
60-63. for it hath been said . . . nostrils: It has been said, no man, no matter how manly, could make him take a step back, and it will be said so again (of me) as long as I breathe air." >>>
Stephano discovers the monster.

 62   and it shall be said so again while Stephano
 63   breathes at's nostrils.

 64   The spirit torments me; Oh!

 65   This is some monster of the isle with four legs, who
 66   hath got, as I take it, an ague. Where the devil
 67   should he learn our language? I will give him some
 68   relief, if it be but for that. if I can recover him
68. for that: i.e., because he knows our language. recover: restore.

 69   and keep him tame and get to Naples with him, he's a
 70   present for any emperor that ever trod on neat's leather.
70. neat's-leather: cowhide or oxhide.

 71   Do not torment me, prithee; I'll bring my
 72   wood home faster.

 73   He's in his fit now and does not talk after the
 74   wisest. He shall taste of my bottle: if he have
 75   never drunk wine afore will go near to remove his
 76   fit. If I can recover him and keep him tame, I will
76-77. recover him: cure him of his fit.  I will not take too much for him: whatever I can get for him won't be more than he's worth.

 77   not take too much for him; he shall pay for him that
 78   hath him, and that soundly.
78. hath him: buys him.

 79   Thou dost me yet but little hurt; thou wilt
79-80. thou wilt anon: i.e., you will hurt me more very soon.

 80   anon, I know it by thy trembling: now Prosper works
80. I know it by thy trembling: Apparently Caliban mistakes Stephano's drunken staggering for some kind of possession by Prospero's magic.

 81   upon thee.

 82   Come on your ways; open your mouth; here is that
82-83. Come on your ways: Come on, let's get on with it.  here . . . cat: There was a proverb that said "Good liquor will make a cat talk."

 83   which will give language to you, cat: open your
 84   mouth; this will shake your shaking, I can tell you,
84. this . . . shaking: this will let you shake off your fit.

 85   and that soundly: you cannot tell who's your friend:
 86   open your chaps again.
85. you cannot tell who's your friend: i.e., I'm your friend, you just don't know it yet.
86. chaps: jaws.

           [Caliban drinks.]

 87   I should know that voice: it should be—but he is
 88   drowned; and these are devils: O defend me!

 89   Four legs and two voices: a most delicate monster!
89. delicate: ingenious.

 90   His forward voice now is to speak well of his
 91   friend; his backward voice is to utter foul speeches
 92   and to detract. If all the wine in my bottle will
 93   recover him, I will help his ague. Come.
93. recover him: cure him.

           [Caliban drinks again]

 94   Amen! I will pour some in thy other
 95   mouth.

 96   Stephano!

 97   Doth thy other mouth call me? Mercy, mercy! This is
 98   a devil, and no monster: I will leave him; I have no
 99   long spoon.
99. long spoon: A proverb says that "He must have a long spoon that will eat with the devil."

100   Stephano! If thou beest Stephano, touch me and
101   speak to me: for I am Trinculo—be not afeard—thy
102   good friend Trinculo.

103   If thou beest Trinculo, come forth: I'll pull thee
104   by the lesser legs: if any be Trinculo's legs,
105   these are they. Thou art very Trinculo indeed! How
106   camest thou to be the siege of this moon-calf? can
106. siege: poop. moon-calf: monstrosity, creature born misshapen because of lunar influence.

107   he vent Trinculos?
107. vent: emit.

108   I took him to be killed with a thunder-stroke. But
109   art thou not drowned, Stephano? I hope now thou art
110   not drowned. Is the storm overblown? I hid me
111   under the dead moon-calf's gaberdine for fear of
112   the storm. And art thou living, Stephano? O
113   Stephano, two Neapolitans 'scaped!

114   Prithee, do not turn me about; my stomach is
114. do not turn me about: Apparently Trinculo tries to do a celebratory dance with Stephano.

115   not constant.
115. not constant: unsteady, churning.

      CALIBAN [Aside]
116   These be fine things, an if they be not sprites.
116. an if: if.

117   That's a brave god and bears celestial liquor.
117. brave: handsome, admirable.

118   I will kneel to him.

119   How didst thou 'scape? How camest thou hither?
120   swear by this bottle how thou camest hither. I
121   escaped upon a butt of sack which the sailors
121. butt of sack: barrel of Spanish Canary wine.

122   heaved o'erboard, by this bottle; which I made of
123   the bark of a tree with mine own hands since I was
124   cast ashore.

125   I'll swear upon that bottle to be thy true subject;
126   for the liquor is not earthly.

127   Here; swear then how thou escapedst.

128   Swum ashore. man, like a duck: I can swim like a
129   duck, I'll be sworn.

130   Here, kiss the book.
130. kiss the book: i.e., take a drink. Remember that Trinculo has taken his oath on the bottle, so his holy book is that bottle.

           [Passing the bottle.]

131   Though thou canst swim like a duck, thou art made
132   like a goose.
131-132. thou art made like a goose: you're a fool.

133   O Stephano, hast any more of this?

134   The whole butt, man: my cellar is in a rock by the
135   sea-side where my wine is hid. How now, moon-calf!
136   how does thine ague?

137   Hast thou not dropp'd from heaven?

138   Out o' the moon, I do assure thee: I was the man i'
139   the moon when time was.
139. when time was: once upon a time.

140   I have seen thee in her and I do adore thee:
141   My mistress show'd me thee and thy dog and thy bush.
141. thy dog and thy bush: Both here and in A Midsummer Night's Dream Shakespeare mixes together many bits of folklore to draw a picture of the Man in the Moon as accompanied by a dog and carrying a bush. See A Midsummer Night's Dream, 5.1.135, and 5.1.257.
Caliban being given a drink by Stephano; Trinculo looking on.

142   Come, swear to that; kiss the book: I will furnish
143   it anon with new contents. Swear!

           [Caliban drinks.]

144   By this good light, this is a very shallow monster!
145   I afeard of him! A very weak monster! The man i'
146   the moon! A most poor credulous monster!
147   Well drawn, monster, in good sooth!
147. Well drawn: that's a good long draught of wine you've taken.  sooth: truth.

148   I'll show thee every fertile inch o' th' island;
149   And I will kiss thy foot: I prithee, be my god.

150   By this light, a most perfidious and drunken
151   monster! When 's god's asleep, he'll rob his bottle.
151. When 's god's asleep, he'll rob his bottle: When his god (Stephano) is asleep, he (Caliban) will steal his bottle of wine.

152   I'll kiss thy foot; I'll swear myself thy subject.

153   Come on then; down, and swear.

154   I shall laugh myself to death at this puppy-headed
155   monster. A most scurvy monster! I could find in my
156   heart to beat him,—

157   Come, kiss.

158   But that the poor monster's in drink: an
158. But that the poor monster's in drink: i.e., I could beat Caliban, but I will take pity on him because he's drunk.

159   abominable monster!

160   I'll show thee the best springs; I'll pluck thee berries;
161   I'll fish for thee and get thee wood enough.
162   A plague upon the tyrant that I serve!
163   I'll bear him no more sticks, but follow thee,
164   Thou wondrous man.

165   A most ridiculous monster, to make a wonder of a
166   Poor drunkard!

167   I prithee, let me bring thee where crabs grow;
167. crabs: crab apples.

168   And I with my long nails will dig thee pignuts;
168. pignuts: the edible tubers of Conopodium majus.

169   Show thee a jay's nest and instruct thee how
170   To snare the nimble marmoset; I'll bring thee
170. marmoset: a small monkey.

171   To clustering filberts and sometimes I'll get thee
172   Young scamels from the rock. Wilt thou go with me?
172. scamels: Shellfish? Birds that nest on the rocks?

173   I prithee now, lead the way without any more
174   talking. Trinculo, the king and all our company
175   else being drowned, we will inherit here. Here,
175. inherit: take possession.

176   bear my bottle: fellow Trinculo, we'll fill him by
177   and by again.

      CALIBAN (Sings drunkenly.)
178   Farewell master; farewell, farewell!

179   A howling monster: a drunken monster!

180      No more dams I'll make for fish
181        Nor fetch in firing
182        At requiring;
183      Nor scrape trenchering, nor wash dish
183. trenchering: trenchers, wooden plates.

184        'Ban, 'Ban, Cacaliban
185        Has a new master: get a new man.
186   Freedom, hey-day! hey-day, freedom! freedom,
187   hey-day, freedom!

188   O brave monster! Lead the way.
183. brave: handsome.